The site was originally Muhammad's house; he settled there after his Hijra (emigration) to Medina, later building a mosque on the grounds. He himself shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other mosques throughout the world.
The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Qur'an. It was also the first place in the Arabian Peninsula provided with electrical lights on 1909.
Location Saudi Arabia Medina, Saudi Arabia
Established c. 622
Branch/tradition Sunni Islam (Hanbali)
Administration Saudi Arabian government
Ali ibn Abdurrahman al-Hudhaifi
Style Classical and contemporary Islamic; Ottoman; Mamluk revivalist
Capacity 600,000 (increased to 1,000,000 during the hajj period)
Minaret height 105 meters (344 ft)